Alaska – the largest U.S. state. Along the Pacific coast of Alaska stretches the Alaska Range. Here is Mount McKinley (6,194 m above sea level) – the highest mountain in the United States.
6. Brooks Range
Further north beyond the Arctic Circle, there is the Brooks Range, which length is over 950 kilometers and an average height – 2000 – 2500 meters above sea level.
5. Appalachian Mountains
Appalachian Mountains – the mountain range in the eastern U.S. and Canada stretching about 2500 km. Appalachian Mountains are located in Maine, Vermont, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina. The average height of Appalachia is around 900 meters above sea level, the highest point – Mount Mitchell in North Carolina has a height of 2,037 m. This is the highest point of the U.S. east of the Mississippi River. Appalachian mountain system is divided into two regions: Northern and Southern Appalachian Mountains. Northern Appalachians are composed of high plateaus of about 400 meters, over which rise the mountains some 1300 – 1900 meters (Longfellow in Maine, Adirondacks in upstate New York, the Green Mountains in Vermont, White Mountains in New Hampshire). In the eastern part of the Southern Appalachian Piedmont Plateau is located in height from 40 meters to the east and 400 meters to the west. Plateau moves in the Blue Ridge, with its highest point Mount Mitchell. West of the Blue Ridge is a large valley, passing in the Appalachian plateau, decreases from 1500 to 500 meters. Rocky Mountains – a mountain range in the Cordillera, which stretches over 4500 km through the territory of the United States and Canada.
4. Mount Elbert
Rockies begin in New Mexico, north of becoming wider and higher, reaching in Colorado and Utah width of 500 km. In Colorado, are the majority of the highest mountains in the Rocky, including the highest peak of the Rocky Mountains (and the second highest in the continental U.S., after Mount Whitney in California) – Mount Elbert (4401 m). Further to the north-west, in Idaho, Wyoming and Montana, the width of the Rockies does not exceed 240 km, and height – 3912 meters. Rocky Mountains are the watershed between the basins of the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. In the Rocky Mountains meet the geysers and hot springs, the most famous of which are located in Yellowstone National Park. Pacific mountains – a series of mountain ranges that stretch along the Pacific coast of the United States.
In the north, in Washington, there are the Olympic Mountains. They are relatively low, the biggest mountain – Olympus, rises to 2,427 meters. The western slopes of the Olympic Mountains descend directly into the Pacific Ocean.
2. Mount St. Helens
Further south, in Washington, Oregon and northern California Cascade Mountains stretch included in the “Pacific Ring of Fire”, a chain of volcanoes stretching around the Pacific Ocean. All the volcanoes in the continental U.S. takes place in the Cascade Mountains, the last major eruption – the volcano Mount St. Helens, 1980. In Oregon there is also located coastal (or Oregon) range, at the length of 320 kilometers and a maximum altitude of 1,248 meters.
1. Mount Whitney
In the east there are mountains of California’s Sierra Nevada, stretching over 750 kilometers. In the Sierra Nevada mountains is Mount Whitney (4,421 m) – the highest in the continental United States.