Tuesday, 4 January 2011

2010's Top Cryptozoology 'Monsters'

Monsters: They lurk in our fears, our imaginations, and sometimes, in our lakes and forests.

Sea serpents; tall, hairy creatures; unicorns; blood-sucking doglike animals -- they've all been in the news this year. They're either real, myth or simply new and previously unknown beasts that share the world with humans and come under the category of cryptozoology: the study of hidden or unknown animals.

Here's a look back at some of the more interesting cryptozoology stories that we covered in 2010.

Lake Monsters & Sea Serpents

 
Lake Monsters & Sea Serpents
This 1934 photo of the Loch Ness Monster taken by Robert Kenneth Wilson was later exposed as a hoax. Despite that, over many decades, thousands of people have reported seeing a large, unknown animal in the 23-mile-long Scottish lake.
You would think that if an alleged animal were simply a myth, then it wouldn't need protection, right? But after centuries of eyewitness accounts of a strange creature inhabiting the deep, dark waters of Loch Ness in Scotland, we learned how authorities in the 1930s actually tried to get the Scottish government to protect and defend the "monster" known as Nessie.

A Tale of a Unicorn


A Tale of a Unicorn
This photo taken on Aug. 22 shows one of the world's rarest animals, the secretive and mysterious twin-horned saola. The animal was captured in the Lao province of Bolikhamxay by villagers who took it to their remote community. This is the first time in a decade that the elusive animal has been seen.
While this animal has two horns -- unlike the traditional single-horned unicorn of myth and legend -- a mammal known as the saola, dubbed the "Asian unicorn," is so rare that only 250 are believed to exist in the world. Minus one, because after one was captured in a village in Laos this year, it unfortunately died. But not before it was photographed.  

Bigfoot: Missing Link or Dark Hair?


Bigfoot Missing Link or Dark Hair
This is a 1977 still photo made from a 16mm film made by Ivan Marx reportedly showing the legendary Bigfoot in the hills of Northern California.
When you hear the words Bigfoot or Sasquatch, an image may come to mind of a 9- or 10-foot-tall apelike creature all covered in dark hair that lives in forests, occasionally showing itself to unsuspecting eyewitnesses. And like its lake monster pals, the main criticism of the reality of Bigfoot is that none has yet to be captured.

But one man this year claimed to have gotten so close to a Bigfoot that had wandered onto his North Carolina mountaintop property, he managed to poke the unwelcome visitor with a stick. But the real curious thing about the story was that the creature reportedly was covered in yellow hair.

Red Panda Fossils Found in Tennessee


Red Panda Fossils Found in Tennessee
A red panda (Ailurus fulgens) climbs on a tree trunk Dec. 1, 2006, at the Hellabrunn Zoo in Munich, Germany. The red panda's habitat is in the Himalayas and in southern China, but newly discovered red panda fossils in Tennessee prove the animal thrived in North America during the Miocene era, millions of years ago.
With the face of a giant panda bear and the body of a small raccoon, the cuddly looking red panda was, until recently, only thought to have lived in the mountains of Nepal, Burma and China.

That is, until fossil excavations determined that the cousin of the black-and-white panda once lived in the ancient forests of Tennessee. In fact, at the Gray Fossil Site, bones from a saber-toothed cat, camel, elephant and rhinoceros indicate these animals lived in the Volunteer State more than 4 million years ago.

Chupacabra: Year of the Goat Sucker


Chupacabra
 

Saving the best for last, one little beastie that caught our attention several times in 2010 was the legendary chupacabra (Spanish for "goat sucker"). This hideous-looking four-legged animal has been blamed for the k*ll*ngs of livestock in Puerto Rico, Mexico and the United States.

One of the problems of identifying the chupacabras are the numerous conflicting descriptions of them, from being large, heavy animals, sometimes displaying a long row of spines on their backs, to smaller, canine-type creatures.

But this year, numerous reports in different states included photographs of strange-looking hairless beasts with shriveled skin. Through DNA testing and other analysis, researchers are mounting a case that many of the alleged chupacabra suspects may turn out to be coyotes that have been infected by tiny parasites, which can result in the animals' bizarre appearance. But does it explain all chupacabra incidents? That's unknown and it's what keeps the legend and mystery alive.
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