Tuesday, 16 March 2010

10 Unique Animal & Wildlife Species - Pictures

There are millions of identified species inhabiting the great planet of earth. Evolutionary traits have given each individual organism a purpose and method for
survival. Different animal species thrive in different habitats and they adapt based on the geography, population, and climate of the region. Lately, different animal populations have become threatened by weather changes, disease, human hunting, and poaching. I love to look at pictures and learn about various creatures in this world. I have gathered some of my favorite pictures of animals and included a short description on each.

10. American Beaver
The American Beaver is a semi-aquatic species of rodent living in Canada, the United States, and parts of northern Mexico. It was introduced in the most southern province of Argentina, Tierra del Fuego and has since adapted, expanded, and evolved into its natural environmental form. The beaver is the largest rodent found in the United States and second largest in the world. The largest being the South American capybara. It has a scent gland that admits an oily substance known as castoreum, which is used to waterproof its fur.

The beaver has the ability to see underwater. There are 25 different subspecies of the American Beaver. These animals are usually active at night and are rarely seen by people. They prefer to stay in the water and can remain submerged for more then 15 minutes. Beavers construct their homes out of sticks, twigs, and mud in lakes, streams, and tidal river deltas. They are well known for building damsacross streams, which can be a problem for land owners.

9. African Wild Dogs
African Wild Dogs are carnivorous mammals found in the savannas and lightly wooded areas of Africa. They are a member of the Canidae family and have a Bite Force Quotient of 142, which is amongst the highest rating given to any creature. African Dogs run in packs and they have separate male and female hierarchies. The animals kill ratings are better then any other species, 80% of all hunts end in a kill. They are quickly becoming an endangered species and population numbers are drastically dropping with the biggest cause of this problem being habitat loss and hunting.
These dogs are internationally loved and the Botswana Wild Dog Research Project is one of the longest running and most influential predator research projects. They are extremely sociable and family oriented animals.
8. Bald Eagle

The Bald Eagle is a bird a prey found in North America. It has been recognized as the national bird of the United States. The Bald Eagle is the largest raptor in North America and has a wingspan averaging 180-234 centimeters. They can fly to an altitude of 10,000 feet and can reach speeds of 30-35 mph. They are strong swimmers, have 7,000 feathers, and a lifespan of around thirty years. This eagle was an endangered species in the 1990’s, but has since expanded its breeding population. They prefer a habitat near seacoasts, rivers, large lakes, oceans, and other large bodies of open water with an abundance of fish and other prey. They are usually found in places with little human activity, but can readily be seen in many areas of the U.S. and Canada. These eagles are truly beautiful creatures and watching them soar is a magical experience.
7. Otters

Otters are semi-aquatic mammals and are part of the family Mustelidae. There are thirteen different species and an almost worldwide distribution. Some of the specific types of otters include the Sea otter, Eurasian otter, Spotted-necked otter,Northern river otter, Giant otter, and the African clawless otter. They mainly feed on aquatic animals and routinely stay home in their surrounding habitat. Ottershave long and slim bodies with short limbs, webbed paws, sharp claws, and a muscular tail.They also have an insulated under-fur, which helps trap a layer of air and keep them dry and warm under water. They must eat 15% of their bodyweight in food each day and usually display short whiskers. Some species of otter are endangered today, but as a whole they have come a long way since they were hunted, trapped,and almost brought to extinction by fur traders.
6. Hyacinth Macaws

 Hyacinth Macaws are the largest flying parrot species in the world and are native to central and eastern South America. These are extremely smart and popular birds. Their immense popularity as pets is damaging the breeding population and a bird can fetch around $10,000 American dollars. Hyacinth Macaws have a very strong beak for eating their natural foods. They feed on palm, pine nuts, coconuts, macadamia nuts, fruits, vegetable matter, and various types of hard nuts and seeds. These birds are among the smartest species in the world. They can easily be trained to mimic human speech, identify objects, shapes, colors, and numbers, understand the difference between big and small, over and under, and even form small sentences. Hyacinth Macaws are an endangered species, but measures are being taken by many conservationists, including programs at the Minnesota Zoo with BioBrasil and World Wildlife Fund.
5. Red Panda

The Red Panda or Firefox is a mostly herbivorous mammal found in the Himalayas, Bhutan, southern China, Pakistan, India, Laos, Nepal, and Burma. It is a small creature and only slightly larger then a house cat. They are an extremely endangered species with fewer then 2,500 mature individuals. The main cause of this is habitat fragmentation due to geological processes and human activity in the area. The Red Panda has its own independent family iluridae, which is part of a trichotomy similar to skunks, raccoons, and weasels. It is not a bear like the Giant Panda.
Red Panda’s are specialized as a bamboo feeder. They usually live high in the mountains and forests. They are crepuscular, which means active at dawn and dusk. This animal spends a lot of time in the shade and can’t tolerate temperatures over 25°C. They are extremely acrobatic animals and spend most of their time in trees. Red Panda’s are solitary animals and usually seek a partner only for mating.

4. Siberian Huskies

Husky is a general term used to describe several breeds of dog. Siberian Huskies are a medium sized dense coated working breed noted for incredible strength and stamina. They originated in the cold terrain of eastern Siberia and are considered great pets. The breed was imported to Alaska during the Nome Gold Rush and
from there spread into Canada and other areas of the United States. They are noted for their wolf-like appearance and unique eye color combinations. One eye may be brown and the other blue, that in normal for this breed. Siberian Huskies are very dominant and stubborn animals and do well with good training programs. They are smart dogs and have a lifespan of 12-15 years. The dog’s passion is to run and perform in sled dog racing competitions.

3. Eurasian Eagle Owl

The Eurasian Eagle Owl is a species of horned owl native to much of Europe and Asia. It is a powerful bird and the world’s second largest owl, with the Blakiston's Fish Owl being slightly bigger on average. This owl has a wingspan averaging 138-200 cm and measures 58-75 cm long. It feeds on small mammals, but can kill
prey the size of a fox or small deer. This species is largely nocturnal and inhabits mountains and forests, usually with in cliffs and rocky terrain. They build their nests on the cliff edges and have a lifespan of around 20 years, although larger species can live up to 60 years.
Eagle Owls have often been observed living in many European cities. In one case, an owl caused havoc in the crowded Helsinki Olympic Stadium during the European Football Championship qualification match between Finland and Belgium. The match ended up being interrupted for six minutes. Eurasian Eagle Owls have a steady breeding population, but are diminishing in some areas of the world. They are truly beautiful creatures.
2. Lynx

A lynx is any of four different medium-sized wild cats. Lynx have short tails and a characteristic patch of black hair on tip of their ears. They have long whiskers and padded paws for walking in the snow. Lynx are not very good hunters and often struggle to find enough nourishment. The Bobcat and Canadian Lynx are the
smallest species, with the Eurasian Lynx being the largest. They are solitary animals, but will occasionally travel in packs. Lynx feed on a range of animals, including white-tailed deer, reindeer, chamois, snowshoe hares, fish, fox, sheep, squirrels, mice, and various species of birds.
They live in high altitude forests, are skilled tree climbers, and talented swimmers. The Eurasian Lynx ranges from central and northern Europe across Asia. Recently it was considered extinct in many areas and successfully reintroduced to the wild in Slovenia and Croatia. The Canadian Lynx breeding population is abundant in the boreal forests of Canada and Alaska. The Iberian Lynx is almost extinct and any poaching of these animals is a serious crime. The lynx is the national animal of the Republic of Macedonia and Romania.

1. Sun Bear

The Sun Bear is a species found primarily in the tropical rainforests of Southeast Asia. It is the smallest member of the bear family, standing approximately 4 ft. tall. The animal has large paws with naked soles, small round ears, and they are excellent climbers. These bears have a short stouts and use their long slender
tongue to extract honey from beehives. Sun Bears have a wide diet ranging from lizards, birds, and other mammals, to fruit, eggs, termites, the young tips of palm trees, berries, sprouts, and various insects. They are primarily nocturnal creatures and do not hibernate.
There has been a steady decline in the Sun Bears breeding population, mainly due to poaching and their categorization as “nuisance bears.” The bear has loose skin on its neck, which allows it to turn and bite a formable attacker. Recently, they have been bred to become house pets in many areas of Asia.

2 коментара:

Anonymous said...

Hello I feel like Making this forum so hi

Anonymous said...

Great site. A lot of useful information here. I’m sending it to some friends!


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